Health and nutrition are the two basic factors that determine the overall wellbeing of an individual. A balanced diet ensures a healthy life that is devoid of serious ailments, and this is essential right from the early stages of development. For this, different nutrients are important at different stages of growing or getting older. Its requirement mainly depends on factors like age, sex, weight, height, growth rate, rate of daily activity, etc. Shared below are details regarding different nutrients and their importance.
This is the most important nutrient that is required for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. They are complex molecules made up of amino acids and are of vital importance for various biological functions. Their quality and function depend on the amino acids contained. Also, keep in mind muscles make up almost half of the proteins in our body. Because of this, when you have protein deficiency in the diet, the body begins to break down muscles and assimilate the proteins contained in them.
Listed below are the important functions of proteins.
- The enzymes and hormones that regulate various biological processes are protein molecules.
- Proteins are required for fixing the wear and tear that happens in our bodies.
- During growth and development, proteins supply the building blocks.
- Extra protein is required during pregnancy and lactation, for the development of maternal and fetal tissues.
Extra protein intake in the form of food is one of the common health tips when sick as it helps with faster recovery.
Vegetarian food like legumes, nuts, seeds, and pulses are rich sources of protein. But proteins in animal products are of higher quality because they have the right proportion of amino acids. Dairy products like curd, yogurt, and cheese, as well as eggs also contain good quality protein. Soybean has the highest amount of protein among plant foods.
Micronutrients are required in minute amounts, and they support the body in metabolism, fighting diseases, and protecting against infections. They consist of minerals and vitamins and are essential for longevity and health. Some of them are vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, and iodine.
Vitamin A: It is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in immunity, vision, and skin health. Its deficiency causes night blindness, frequent infections, skin dryness, and other complications. Leafy vegetables, orange-colored fruits and vegetables are good sources of beta-carotene that is easily converted into vitamin A.
Vitamin C: It is an antioxidant that plays an important role in immunity. Because of this, it is an essential micronutrient, and its deficiency causes scurvy that is characterized by bleeding gums.